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Object Clause and its alteration 

While speaking about the companies specifically, the object clauses are defined as the main clauses mentioned in the memorandum of association (MOA). These main clauses define the objective and scope of the company’s primary activities under which it can perform. Any company registered in India cannot perform the activities that are not mentioned in its object clause.

With time many companies make strategic changes and expansions. They may perform new activities. But before commencing new activities, all the companies have to update their new activities in the MOA. This alteration in Object clause of MOA is only possible after seeking the approval of all the shareholders. The company has to conduct a board meeting and pass a resolution for the alteration of object clause in the MOA. Besides, the shareholders, companies also need approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs to change the object clause.

Major Reasons for changing the object clause of a company

When a company undertakes new activities

Addition of new activities in an entity is one of the primary reasons for changing the object clause. This happens mostly when a company grows vertically and horizontally. With time every company makes strategic changes. It happens when a company gains the customer’s trust.

They start adding new services and products to their company. But before commencing any new activities, a company needs to update it in the MOA. As per the Companies Act, Any company registered in India cannot undertake any new activity without changing the object clause in MOA. Thus, it is one of the major reasons for object clause alteration.

Takeover of the company

There are many instances when one entity takes over another company. They do it only for their market value built. In such cases, the object clause of the companies acquired also becomes the object clause of the parent company. Thus, they have to change their object clause to lead the business further. The object clause of a company is changeable before /after taking over. It completely depends upon requirement of the company.

Eliminating abandoned activities

There are times when a company disown many activities started by the company. They do not undertake any such activities due to a lack of resources/ or any other reasons. In such cases, a company needs to update and eliminate those activities that are not performed anymore. Besides, a company’s MOA is accessible to anyone in the MCA portal. Anyone may access it before making any contractual relation with the company. Thus, it is crucial to update the object clause by deleting those activities that are no longer performed.

Prohibition of current activities

The policies of the government change frequently; this may affect one company and its operation. There are times when the activities performed by one company are declared banned under the new policies. Thus, any company that has business objectives that are banned should remove it from the MOA. A company may also change the object clause in the MOA completely. It depends upon the need of the company.

Document Required

  • It is one of the obvious documents required to make changes in Object clause. Any company that wants to change its object clause has to provide a latest amended MOA of the company.
  • It is another essential document that you need to furnish. The companies those who want to make changes in the object clause also have to provide the latest amended AOA of the company.
Consent of the shareholders
  • Any company that wants to make changes in its object clause must get consent from the shareholders. As per the Companies Act, without the approval from shareholders, a company cannot make changes in its object clause.
Digital signature certificate
  • Digital signature certificate is another essential document required to change the object clause. One of the authorized directors of the company has to provide his/her digital signature certificate to change the object clause.
Detail of change
  • If a company wants to add new activities to the object clause, it must provide the details about every change. The same in the case of elimination of the activities will happen. After verifying the details, MCA will provide approval for change in object clause.

Time Lines

  • (10 to 15 Days)
  • Purchase the Service
  • Upload / send the Documents
  • Discussion with expert
  • Filing of application with registrar authorities
  • Receipt of Registration Certificate
  • Confirmation to client

Service Covered

Pricing for what you want required service


  • Expert Consultation
  • Change of Object of Existing Private Limited Company


  • Expert Consultation
  • Change of Object of Existing Public Limited Company


  • Expert Consultation
  • Change of Object of Existing Section 8 Company
  • Notes:
  • * This price is inclusive of all Govt filing fee and excluding GST amount.


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